Puasa dalam keadaan Junub apakah sah? Begini penjelasan ustadz abdul Somad

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 Tak sedikit umat Islam bertanya-tanya bagaimana hukum puasa bagi seorang pria dan wanita yang belum mandi junub, padahal sudah masuk waktu Subuh. Apakah puasanya sah?


Sejumlah ulama menyatakan bahwa hadas atau keadaan tidak suci pada diri seorang muslim menyebabkan ia tidak boleh salat dan melakukan banyak ibadah lain, kecuali puasa.

Hal ini disandarkan pada hadits riwayat Bukhari 1926 dan Turmudzi 779 yang mengatakan “Nabi shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam memasuki waktu Subuh, sementara beliau sedang junub karena berhubungan dengan istrinya. Kemudian, beliau mandi dan berpuasa.”

Ulama kondang Ustadz Abdul Somad mengatakan, puasa seorang muslim tetap sah meski dia belum mandi wajib saat azan Subuh.

“Misalnya dia berhubungan jam 4, habis itu tidur. Bangun pas azan Subuh dia dalam keadaan junub, puasanya sah. Begitu dengar azan, cepat-cepat mandi. Habis mandi langsung cepat ke masjid,” ucap Abdul Somad dalam rekaman video yang diunggah di Youtube.

Menurut Abdul Somad, dalam hadits riwayat Bukhari disebutkan bahwa orang yang dalam keadaan junub alias belum mandi wajib sampai tiba waktu Subuh, tetap boleh berpuasa.

“Yang tak boleh itu, sudah azan Subuh baru pegang (bercampur) bininya,” tambah Abdul Somad.

Berikut ini hadits yang menyatakan bahwa Rasulullah SAW pernah dalam keadaan junub hingga waktu Subuh.

Aisyah radhiyallahu ‘anha berkata,

قَدْ كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ -صلى الله عليه وسلم- يُدْرِكُهُ الْفَجْرُ فِى رَمَضَانَ وَهُوَ جُنُبٌ مِنْ غَيْرِ حُلُمٍ فَيَغْتَسِلُ وَيَصُومُ.

Artinya: Rasulullah shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam pernah menjumpai waktu fajar di bulan Ramadhan dalam keadaan junub bukan karena mimpi basah, kemudian beliau shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam mandi dan tetap berpuasa. (HR. Muslim no. 1109)

Hadits di atas diperkuat lagi dengan ayat:

فَالْآَنَ بَاشِرُوهُنَّ وَابْتَغُوا مَا كَتَبَ اللَّهُ لَكُمْ وَكُلُوا وَاشْرَبُوا حَتَّى يَتَبَيَّنَ لَكُمُ الْخَيْطُ الْأَبْيَضُ مِنَ الْخَيْطِ الْأَسْوَدِ مِنَ الْفَجْرِ ثُمَّ أَتِمُّوا الصِّيَامَ إِلَى اللَّيْلِ

Artinya: Maka sekarang campurilah mereka dan ikutilah apa yang telah ditetapkan Allah untukmu, dan makan minumlah hingga terang bagimu benang putih dari benang hitam, yaitu fajar. Kemudian sempurnakanlah puasa itu sampai (datang) malam. (QS. Al Baqarah: 187).

Imam Nawawi rahimahullah berkata, “Yang dimaksud dengan mubasyaroh (basyiruhunna) dalam ayat di atas adalah jima’ atau hubungan intim”.

Dalam lanjutan ayat disebutkan “ikutilah apa yang telah ditetapkan oleh Allah untuk kalian”. Jika jima’ itu dibolehkan hingga terbit fajar (waktu Shubuh), maka tentu ketika masuk Subuh masih dalam keadaan junub. Puasa ketika itu pun sah karena Allah perintahkan “sempurnakanlah puasa itu sampai datang malam.”

Simak videonya agar lebih jelas





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